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Chicago & Turabian

What are the different types of Chicago Documentation styles?

There are two types of documentation styles in Chicago: Notes-Bibliography or Author-date. 

This guide primarily focuses on Notes-Bibliography, which is generally used by those working in literature, history, and the arts. The Author-date system is very similar but slightly different in form, and is preferred by those working in the social sciences. Please check with your professor about which one they want you to use.

Please note that although these resources reflect the most recent updates in the The Chicago Manual of Style (17th edition) concerning documentation practices, you can review a full list of updates concerning usage, technology, professional practice, etc. at The Chicago Manual of Style Online.

What is the difference between Chicago and Turabian?

The primary difference is that Turabian is shorter and contains fewer instructions and that it does not contain information about the publication. The Chicago Manual of Style is designed for professionals in the field who are publishing and has a great deal of instruction on formafting and many other things. Turabian is a pared-down version designed for students writing research papers.

Which should I use?

You should always talk to your professor first, but for the most part, all of the guidelines that you find in Turabian help pages will also apply to the Chicago style.

Basic Anatomy of Chicago Citations: 

Basic Anatomy of a Turabian Citation: