An unenacted bill
Note: An enacted bill is a law and should be cited as a statute.
Template for citing an unenacted bill:
Title [if relevant], H.R. or S. bill or resolution number, xxx Cong. (year).
An unenacted joint resolution:
Note: Enacted (passed both Houses and signed by the President) bills and joint resolutions are laws and should be cited as statutes. There is one exception: Constitutional Amendments that pass both Houses of Congress do not go to the president, but instead are sent out to the states to be ratified.
Because this is a very long title, it may be best to present it narratively, e.g.,
A joint resolution originating in the Senate would be S.J.Res.
An unenacted simple resolution:
Note: Since this is a very long title, it may be best to use the narrative format text, followed by the parenthetical, e.g.,
During the session, the Senate took up A Resolution Expressing the sense of the Senate that the International Olympic Committee Should Rebid the 2022 Winter Olympic Games to be Hosted by a Country that Recognizes and Respects Human Rights (2021).
In reference list:
A Resolution Expressing the Sense of the Senate that the International Olympic Committee Should Rebid the 2022 Winter Olympic Games to be Hosted by a Country that Recognizes and Respects Human Rights, S. Res. 13, 117th Cong. (2021).
An unenacted concurrent resolution:
Again, this is a very long title. It may be best to include it narratively, e.g.,
In 2003, Barbara Lee introduced a concurrent resolution, Expressing the Sense of Congress that the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq of 2002 Should be Repealed (2003).
In reference list:
Expressing the sense of Congress that the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002 Should be Repealed, H.R. Con. Res. 2, 108th Cong. (2003).
Simple Resolutions and Concurrent Resolutions
Simple resolutions (from one chamber of Congress) and concurrent resolutions are cited to the volume and page number of the Congressional Record in which they appear. In the example, below, S. Res. 34 appears in volume 139 of the Congressional Record, on page 1277.
A simple Senate resolution:
A concurrent resolution: